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DISEASE

U.S> Census Bureau - 2009 Statistics on Health and Disease

Facts and Figures on Health

-Poor nutrition and calorie deficiencies cause nearly one in three people to die prematurely or have disabilities, according to the World Health Organization.

-Pregnant women, new mothers who breastfeed infants, and children are among the most at risk of undernourishment.

-Every year, nearly 11 million children die before they reach their fifth birthday. Almost all of these deaths occur in developing countries, 3/4 of them in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, the two regions that also suffer from the highest rates of hunger and malnutrition. 3

-Most of these deaths are attributed, not to outright starvation, but to diseases that move in on vulnerable children whose bodies have been weakened by hunger. 6

-Every year, more than 20 million low-birth weight babies are born in developing countries. These babies risk dying in infancy, while those who survive often suffer lifelong physical and cognitive disabilities. 3

-The four most common childhood illnesses are diarrhea, acute respiratory illness, malaria and measles. Each of these illnesses is both preventable and treatable. Yet, again, poverty interferes in parents’ ability to access immunizations and medicines. Chronic undernourishment on top of insufficient treatment greatly increases a child’s risk of death. 6

-In the developing world, 27 percent of children under 5 are moderately to severely underweight. 10 percent are severely underweight. 10 percent of children under 5 are moderately to severely wasted, or seriously below weight for one’s height, and an overwhelming 31 percent are moderately to severely stunted, or seriously below normal height for one’s age. 7


Facts and Figures on HIV/AIDS

-The spreading HIV/AIDS epidemic has quickly become a major obstacle in the fight against hunger and poverty in developing countries. 3

-Because the majority of those falling sick with AIDS are young adults who normally harvest crops, food production has dropped dramatically in countries with high HIV/AIDS prevalence rates. 3

-In half of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa, per capita economic growth is estimated to be falling by between 0.5 and 1.2 percent each year as a direct result of AIDS. 3

-Infected adults also leave behind children and elderly relatives, who have little means to provide for themselves. In 2003, 12 million children were newly orphaned in southern Africa, a number expected to rise to 18 million in 2010. 3

-Since the epidemic began, 25 million people have died from AIDS, which has caused more than 15 million children to lose at least one parent. For its analysis, UNICEF uses a term that illustrates the gravity of the situation; child-headed households, or minors orphaned by HIV/AIDS who are raising their siblings. 10, 8

-1.1 % (ages 15-49) of the world is HIV prevalent (2003 data). 4

-1.3 % (ages 15-49) of developing countries are HIV prevalent (2003 data). 4

-Approximately 40 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in the world. Of this figure, 60 percent live in Sub-Saharan Africa. 3

-Each year, another 5 million people become infected with HIV and more than 3 million people die of AIDS. 3

Cites and links to source material:

Are We On Track To End Hunger? Hunger Report 2004. Bread for the World Institute

2006 World Population Data Sheet. Population Reference Bureau 

State of Food Insecurity in the World 2005. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 

Human Development Report 2005. United Nations Development Programme.

World Health Organization.

State of Food Insecurity in the World 2002. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

State of the World's Children Report 2006—"Excluded and Invisible". UNICEF.

UNICEF

World Development Indicators 2006. The World Bank.

"The Global Challenge of HIV and AIDS," March 2006. Population Reference Bureau. 

 

US STATISTICS ON DEATHS AND MORTALITY

U.S> Census Bureau - 2009 Statistics on Death

(Data are for U.S. for year 2004)

Number of deaths: 2,397,615

Death rate: 816.5 deaths per 100,000 population

Life expectancy: 77.8 years

Infant Mortality rate: 6.8 deaths per 1,000 live births

 

Number of deaths for leading causes of death:

Heart disease: 652,486

Cancer: 553,888

Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 150,074

Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 121,987

Accidents (unintentional injuries): 112,012

Diabetes: 73,138

Alzheimer's disease: 65,965

Influenza/Pneumonia: 59,664

Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis: 42,480

Septicemia: 33,373


The leading causes of death in the US are entirely preventable. Most people die from heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes which could easily be prevented by simply eating healthy, not smoking, and staying regularly active. Nearly a million people will die every year from some cause that is completely avoidable; millions more are suffering.

 

US STATISTICS ON SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES

AIDS

The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2005 in the United States and dependent areas was 984,155. Of these, 952,629 were in the 50 states and District of Columbia and 30,386 were in the dependent areas.

In 2005, the estimated number of persons living with AIDS in the United States and dependent areas was 433,760.

http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/basic.htm#aidscases

A number which is rising at a rate of about 25,000 per year.

http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/tables/07s0178.xls

 

CHLAMYDIA

http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats/pdf/national-profile.pdf

In 2006, 1,030,911 Chlamydia infections were reported. 345.0 per 100,000 population

 

GONORRHEA

http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats/pdf/national-profile.pdf

-in 2006, 358,366 cases of gonorrhea were reported in the US. About 120.9 cases per 100,000 population.

 

CANCER

 

In 2006, it was estimated that 1.4 million people in the US have cancer.

http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/tables/07s0188.xls

 

OBESITY


How many people in the US are obese?

http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/news/testimony/obesity07162003.htm

 

-Nearly two out of every three Americans are overweight or obese.

-One out of every eight deaths in America is caused by an illness directly related to overweight and obesity.

-In the year 2000, the total annual cost of obesity in the United States was $117 billion. While extra value meals may save us some change at the counter, they’re costing us billions of dollars in health care and lost productivity. Physical inactivity and super-sized meals are leading to a nation of oversized people.

-This year, more than 300,000 Americans will die from illnesses related to overweight and obesity.

-Obesity contributes to the number-one cause of death in our nation: heart disease.

-Excess weight has also led to an increase in the number of people suffering from Type 2 diabetes, which is entirely preventable. There are at least 17 million Americans with diabetes, and another 16 million have pre-diabetes. Each year, diabetes costs America $132 billion. It can lead to eye diseases, cardiovascular problems, kidney failure, and early death.

 

CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL

http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/

 

-Among adults aged 20–74 years the prevalence of obesity increased from 15.0% (in the 1976–1980 survey) to 32.9% (in the 2003–2004 survey).

-The two surveys also show increases in overweight among children and teens. For children aged 2–5 years, the prevalence of overweight increased from 5.0% to 13.9%; for those aged 6–11 years, prevalence increased from 6.5% to 18.8%; and for those aged 12–19 years, prevalence increased from 5.0% to 17.4%.

-“current data indicates that the situation is worsening rather than improving”

 

UNDERNOURISHMENT

How many people are malnourished or “undernourished”?

 

-Even though America is economically the wealthiest nations in the world many people are undernourished.

Children: According to the USDA, an estimated 12.4 million children lived in food-insecure households in 2005.5

Seniors
: 6% of households with seniors (1.6 million households) were food insecure (low food security and very low food security).5 A study that examined the health and nutritional status of seniors found that food-insecure seniors had significantly lower intakes of vital nutrients in their diets when compared to their food-secure counterparts. In addition, food-insecure seniors were 2.33 times more likely to report fair/poor health status and had higher nutritional risk.6

Working Poor
: In 2002, over 4 million non-elderly, low-income families reported using a food pantry in the past 12 months. 7 In 2002, nearly 2 million working parents with children turned to food pantries.7

Rural Poor
: 16.6% of all rural households with children are food insecure (low food security and very low food security), an estimated 1 million children.5

 

DRUG USE

-The US is the world’s largest consumer of cocaine. (CIA fact book)

 

GOVERNMENT LINKS

Medline Plus - Sexually Transmitted Diseases

 

 
 

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